PM VISITS MADRID
KIDS REFUSING TO DRINK MILK EPIDEMIC SWEEPING AFRICA
TRUMP TO VISIT LONDON TWITTER TO BAN POLITICAL ADS
QUEEN’S SPEECH APPROVED BY MPS
Omission of articles
PRESIDENT TO VISIT UK
Omission of some prepositions POPE VISITS JAPAN MONDAY
Past Simple / Present Perfect The Prime Minister has visited Madrid.
Present Continuous / Present Simple
Kids refuse to drink milk. An epidemic is sweeping Africa.
Appropriate future tense Donald Trump is to visit London.
Twitter is going to ban political advertising.
The Queen’s speech has been approved by MPs.
The President is going to visit the UK.
Appropriate prepositions The Pope visited Japan on Monday.
- NB! In headlines, colons and hyphens can replace conjunctions or verbs which join parts of the sentence.
- Sometimes it may be helpful to read the sentence backward to understand the logical link within it.
E.g. ‘POINTS OF DISAGREEMENT’: IRAN NUCLEAR TALKS EXTENDED The talks over the nuclear deal with Iran have been extended as the parties failed to reach a comprehensive agreement so far.
- NB! A headline may contain a noun phrase without a verb.
- To understand such headlines it may be helpful to ask yourself questions about what has happened (Who? What? Why? Where?) and connect the ideas with an appropriate verb.
- Use your logic and imagination!
E.g. INQUIRY INTO DEATH OF TEENAGER AT BOARDING SCHOOL The police have launched an inquiry into the death of a teenager at a boarding school.
- NB! To save space, headlines use short words.
- Below is a list of the most common short words used in newspaper headlines:
axe (v., n.) – to fire, to dismiss, to make smb redundant, to close down, to cancel; redundancy, dismissal
bid (v., n.) – an attempt; to make an attempt
blast (v., n.) – to explode; explosion
blaze (v., n.) – to burn; fire
curb (v., n.) – to restrain, to be subject to / impose restraints; restraint
hail (v.) — to praise, to celebrate
loom (v.) – to happen / occur soon
nuke (n.) – a nuclear weapon, a nuclear power station
plea (n.) – request
probe (v., n.) – to investigate; investigation
quiz (v., n.) – to interrogate; interrogation
rap (v.) – to criticize
row (v., n.) – to quarrel, to have a dispute, to have disagreements; a quarrel, a dispute, disagreements
spark (v.) – to cause, to trigger
toll (n.) – the number of deaths or casualties
vow (v., n.) – to promise; a promise
woo (v., n.) – to seek support of smb, to attract (e.g. voters)