Lead-in: information about the author

Before you read

1.What do you know about the author of the text? What is his contribution to the theory of international relations? Have you read anything by this author before?
2. Skim the text very quickly and say who it is intended for.
3. What is the register of the text?

While you read

I. Read the first four paragraphs carefully, pencil in hand and
1) find the following words in the text; try to guess their meanings using the context 2) find Russian equivalents of the words 3) match the words from the list with their less formal synonyms

force, urge
impetuous uncertainty, doubtfulness
vague, obscure
impulsive, hasty
acquire, achieve
include , enclose
consent, obedience
ambiguitythink, consider

4) match the collocations from the text:

relative penalties
successive the rule
ideological liabilities
levy asserts
preserve capabilities
perpetuate to the needs
party commitment
nationalto the highest post
elevate the unity
descriptive sense
concrete alteration
palpable  agent
system-wide concept
small-scale the operation
structural  realities
contradictory  condition
supranational reason
impede entities
cogent  matter

II. Read the text again and

  1. elucidate on the following notions:
  • hierarchy
  • restraint
  • endurance
  • inclination
  • distinction
  • juxtapose
  • attribute
  • analogy
  • domain
  • sequence
  • stipulation

2. match the term with its definition:

indicateto form an idea; think; envision; imagine
inferto mention or name specifically or definitely; state in detail
conceiveto be or give a sign or symptom of; imply; to state; suggest
specifyto consider thoroughly; think about fully or deeply; to have in view as a purpose; intend
contemplateto conclude or judge from premises and evidence; to derive by reasoning

After you read

I. Answer the following questions:

  1. What is the definition of structure, political structure, domestic political structure?
  2. In what way do political structures shape political processes, the country’s leadership?
  3. In what way does Waltz apply the definition of domestic political structures to international politics?
  4. How can international structures be defined in terms of states?

II. Summarise the ideas of the chapter

Speak about structures, systems, units in general; ordering principles, the character of the units, the distribution of capabilities.

III. Assess the text critically according to the following criteria:

  • novelty (have you learned anything new?)
  • relevance (is this information relevant? Will it be of any use in your own research paper?)
  • complexity (was it hard to grasp the main ideas of the text?)