Investigative journalism is a systematic in-depth and original reporting. Its essential components are

  • Forming a hypothesis and testing it by fact-finding, fact-checking and fact analysis
  • Using public data and public records
  • Exposing secret or hidden information
  • Focus on social justice and accountability

*Investigative journalism can often be confused with leak journalism, which is a one-off leak of confidential information or a document. A leak can become a start of investigative reporting.


Look up the key words from the picture above whistleblower, leakage, corporate crime, surveillance, etc

Study the case of The Panama Papers at


Report in class on the following:

  • How the investigation started;
  • Who participated in the investigation
  • What it exposed
  • Its impact to date